Category: Dead Sea Scrolls

A Baptismal Liturgy

A Baptismal Liturgy (… And he shall) say (in response)”Blessed (are You, …) The unclean for the festivals of (…) Your (…) and to make atonement for us (…to be) pure before you (…)...

Observances

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Antosy: Observances: 4Q327, 4Q394Observances4QCal=4Q327, 4QMMTa4Q394Paraphrase and comments by Kirsty Antosy Introduction 4Q327 is part of the scrolls known as the calendars. In the calendars, the festivals of the year and...

Apocryphal Psalms of David

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Apocryphal Psalms of David 4QPsf=4Q88, 4QapPs=4Q448, 11QPsa-b=11Q5-6Paraphrase and comments by Martha S. McCabe & Michael D. Hall Introduction The following sections of the Dead Sea Scrolls are commonly referred to...

Book of Secrets

Book of SecretsDirectory to the Dead Sea Scrolls Collection:Introduction: The Story of the ScrollsTexts from the Dead Sea ScrollsTimetable of Dead Sea Scroll ScholarshipResources for Further StudyRecommended BooksReturn to:Gnostic Society LibraryGnosis ArchiveTHE GNOSTIC SOCIETY...

Calendrical Document

Calendrical Document Mishmarot Height 13.4 cm (5 1/4 in.), length 21.1 cm (8 1/4 in.) 4Q321 (Mishmarot Ba) Parchment Copied ca. 50-25 B.C.E. Courtesy of the Israel Antiquities Authority (10) A significant feature of...

A Collection of Proverbs

The Dead Sea Scrolls: A Collection of ProverbsParaphrase and comments by Krishna Zivraj Introduction A Collection of Proverbs also known as the Sapiential Work belongs to the ‘Wisdom Literature’ of the Dead Sea Scrolls....

Coming of Melchizedek

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Coming of Melchizedek11Q13Col.2(…) And concerning what Scripture says, “In this year of Jubilee you shall return, everyone f you, to your property” (Lev. 25;13) And what is also written; “And...

Damascus Document

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Damascus DocumentBrit Damesek 4Q271(Df) Parchment Copied late first century B.C.E. Height 10.9 cm (4 1/4 in.), length 9.3 cm (3 5/8 in.)Courtesy of the Israel Antiquities Authority (1) The Damascus...

Enoch And The Watchers

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Enoch And The Watchers 4Q227 Enoch And The Watchers 4Q227 This fragmentary manuscript is similar to portions of the book of Jubilees, an important writing of Second Temple Judaism that...

Enoch Hanokh

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Enoch Hanokh Fragment A height 17.5 cm (6 7/8 in.), length 17.5 cm (6 7/8 in.) Fragment B height 6.4 cm (2 1/2 in.), length 6.9 cm (2 11/16 in.)...

Exhortation Based on the Flood

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Exhortation Based on the Flood 4QFloodAp=4Q370 Paraphrase and comments by Andrea Dennis Introduction This portion of the Dead Sea Scrolls, 4Q370, tells much the same story that was told in...

Frag. 1

Frag. 1 2 […] a man […] 3[…] who decides to build a house and covers its walls with plaster. With him too […] 4 the walls of the house will fall down when...

Tales of the Patriarchs

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Genesis Apocryphon: 1Q20 Tales of the Patriarchs 1QapGen=1Q20 Paraphrase and comments by Lesley Faulk and Amanda Scott Introduction The “Tales of the Patriarchs,” which deals with the descendants of Adam,...

Hosea

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Dead Sea Scrolls — Hosea 4Q166 (4QpHosa) Parchment Copied late first century B.C.E. Height 17.5 cm (6 7/8 in.), length 16.8 cm (6 5/8 in.) Courtesy of the Israel Antiquities...

Leviticus

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Leviticus Va-Yikrah 11Q1(PaleoLev) Parchment Copied late second century – early first century B.C.E. Height 10.9 cm (4 1/4 in.), length 100.2 cm (39 1/2 in.) Courtesy of the Israel Antiquities...

New Jerusalem Description

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Sanko: New Jerusalem Description Paraphrase and comments by John Sanko Paraphrase and notes edited by Alan Humm Introduction New Jerusalem descriptions were written in Aramaic and paralleled Ezekiel xl –...

Parable of the Bountiful Tree

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Parable of the Bountiful TreeDirectory to the Dead Sea Scrolls Collection: Introduction: The Story of the ScrollsTexts from the Dead Sea ScrollsTimetable of Dead Sea Scroll ScholarshipResources for Further StudyRecommended...

Phylactery

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Phylactery Tefillin Fragment A: height 17.7 cm (7 in.)length 3 cm (1 3/16 in.) Fragment B: height 3.8 cm (1 1/2 in.)length 2.8 cm (1 1/8 in.) Mur 4 Phyl...

Physiognomic Horoscopes

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Katie Kanyamas & Kocot: Physiognomic Horoscopes: 4Q186, 4Q561 4QCryptic-4Q186, 4QPhysiogn=4Q561Paraphrase and notes by Katie Kanyamas & Robin KocotIntroduction by Alan Humm Introduction These two texts may represent a variety of...

King Jon Prayer For King Jonathan

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Dead Sea Scrolls — King Jon Prayer For King Jonathan Tefillah li-Shlomo shel Yonatan ha-Melekh 4Q448 Parchment Copied between 103-76 B.C.E.Height 17.8 cm (7 in.), length 9.5 cm (3 3/4...

Psalms Scroll

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Dead Sea — Psalms Scroll Tehillim Psalms (Tehillim) 11QPsParchment Copied ca. 30 – 50 C.E.Height 18.5 cm (7 1/4 in.), length 86 cm (33 3/4 in.)Courtesy of the Israel Antiquties...

Reworked Pentateuch

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Rohde & Bohn: Reworked Pentateuch (4Q158) Introduction and Paraphrase prepared by Warren Rohde & Rick Bohn Introduction : 4Q158 is also known as 4QPPa, and The Reworked Pentateucha. 4Q158 is...

Ritual Purity Laws

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Bailey: Ritual Purity Laws (4QTohorot-a) =4Q274Paraphrase and comments by Cynthia Bailey Introduction The ritual purity laws are found in Leviticus 13-15 in the Bible. It addresses diseases and discharges that...

Some Torah Precepts

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Dead Sea Scrolls — Precepts Some Torah Precepts Miqsat Ma`ase ha-TorahFragment A: height 8 cm (3 1/8 in.) length 12.9 cm (5 in.)Fragment B: height 4.3 cm (1 11/16 in.)...

Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Dead Sea Scrolls — Songs Songs of the Sabbath SacrificeShirot `Olat ha-Shabbat4Q403(ShirShabbd) Parchment Copied mid-first century B.C.E. Height 18 cm (7 in.), length 19 cm (7 1/2 in.) Courtesy of...

Targum of Job

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Carrigan: Targum of Job: 4Q157, 11Q10 Introduction by Alan Humm Introduction Two targum manuscripts of Job were found at Qumran. Since they are both incomplete and do not overlap, we...

Thanksgiving Hymns 7 & 8

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Hermansky: Thanksgiving Hymns 7 & 8: 4QH col. 10 Paraphrase and comments by Robert Hermansky Introduction: Lawrence H. Schiffman wrote that it is tempting to regard the Thanksgiving Scroll as...

Thanksgiving Psalms

The Dead Sea Scrolls: The Dead Sea Scrolls: Thanksgiving PsalmsDirectory to the Dead Sea Scrolls Collection:Introduction: The Story of the ScrollsTexts from the Dead Sea ScrollsTimetable of Dead Sea Scroll ScholarshipResources for Further StudyRecommended...

The Book of Giants

The Dead Sea Scrolls: The Book of Giants 4Q203, 1Q23, 2Q26, 4Q530-532, 6Q8Our Purpose Site Updates Site Search Web Search The Book of Giants 4Q203, 1Q23, 2Q26, 4Q530-532, 6Q8 It is fair to say...

The Chosen One

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Flanigan: The Chosen One: 4Q534-536 4Qelect=4Q534, 4QarNC=4Q535-6 Paraphrase and comments by Nick Flanigan Introduction The fact that all things happen according to God’s divine plan for the world is a...

Community Rule

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Dead Sea Scrolls — Community Rule Serekh ha-Yahad Height 8.8 cm (3 7/16 in.), length 21.5 cm (8 7/16 in.) 4Q258 (Sd) Parchment Copied late first century B.C.E.Äearly first century...

The Copper Scroll

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Hack & Carey: The Copper Scroll: 3Q15 Paraphrase and comments by Chad Hack & Nathaniel Carey Introduction One of the most illusive documents found in the Qumran region is The...

The Divine Throne-Chariot

The Dead Sea Scrolls: The Divine Throne-ChariotDirectory to the Dead Sea Scrolls Collection:Introduction: The Story of the ScrollsTexts from the Dead Sea ScrollsTimetable of Dead Sea Scroll ScholarshipResources for Further StudyRecommended BooksReturn to:Gnostic Society...

The translation of The Pesher to Habakkuk

The Dead Sea Scrolls: The translation of The Pesher to Habakkuk Pesher and Peshru The word Pesher has the meaning of “explanation” and the word Peshru means “they explain.” The words invariably introduce a...

The Signs of the Messiah

The Dead Sea Scrolls: The Signs of the Messiah: 4Q521Parallels Between A New Dead Sea Scroll Fragment (4Q521) and the Early New Testament Gospel TraditionOne of the more intriguing of the newly released Dead...

Vision of Jacob

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Hei: 4Q537The Vision of Jacob 4QAJa=4Q537 Paraphrase and comments by Carol Hei Introduction: The text 4QAJa (4Q537) is completed by Emile Puech in 1991[1]. It is believed to be the...

The War Rule

The Dead Sea Scrolls: The War RuleSerekh ha-Milhamah4Q285 (SM) Parchment Copied early first century C.E.Height 4 cm (1 1/2 in.), length 5 cm (2 in.)Courtesy of the Israel Antiquities Authority (12) This six-line fragment,...

The Wiles of the Wicked Woman

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Wanda I. Gonzalez-Crespo: The Wiles of the Wicked Woman Paraphrase by Wanda I. Gonzalez-Crespo 4Q184 She speaks emptiness and in […]She is always looking for mistakes,sharpening the words that come...

Tongues of Fire

The Dead Sea Scrolls: The Dead Sea Scrolls: Tongues of FireDirectory to the Dead Sea Scrolls Collection:Introduction: The Story of the ScrollsTexts from the Dead Sea ScrollsTimetable of Dead Sea Scroll ScholarshipResources for Further...

Wisdom Text

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Harris, Parrish, & Jones: Wisdom Text: 1Q26,4Q410,4Q412-413,4Q415-421,4Q4231Q26, 4QWisda=4Q410 & 4Q412-413, 4QWisdBa-b=4Q415, 4QWisdAa-d=4Q416-419, 4QRighta-b=4Q420-421, 4Qfarmer=4Q423Paraphrase and comments by Tyler Harris, Jenn Parrish, & Carrie Jones Introduction A composition of wisdom and...

Words of Michael

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Garczynski: Words of Michael: 4Q529, 6Q234Qmich=4Q529, 6Qunidar=6Q23Paraphrase and comments by Pete Garczynski Introduction The Archangel Michael is the “protector of Israel”; he plays a prominent role in Jewish literature. Michael...